Sunday, March 20, 2011

PAX East 2011: Zarf's anecdotes

I wrote a whole lot about last year's PAX IF events, because that was my first PAX and everything was exciting and new. Now it's my third (two in Boston, one in Seattle) and... everything is ho-hum and tired? No. It was an exciting weekend. But I may gush less about it this year.

Day -1

I spent Wednesday running around collecting the inventory. That includes the projector screen we used (thanks to Rick Kovalcik for letting us borrow it), and also a whole pile of books for the IF Suite. And I'll get that list out of the way right now...

From Nick Montfort's collection:
  • CYOA 1: The Cave of Time, Edward Packard
  • CYOA 12: Inside UFO 54-40, Edward Packard
  • Neither Either Nor Or, Joey Dubuc
  • You Are A Miserable Excuse For A Hero, Bob Powers
  • Eunoia, Christian Bök
  • Exercises in Style, Raymond Queneau
  • IF Theory Reader, Kevin Jackson-Mead, Rob Wheeler, ed.
  • Persuasive Games, Ian Bogost
  • Genesis II, Dale Petersen, ed. (contains a rare interview with Will Crowther)
  • Heart Suit, Robert Coover (a story on shufflable cards)
  • Knock Knock, Jason Shiga

From my collection:
  • Creating IF With Inform 7, Aaron Reed
  • The Inform Designer's Manual, Graham Nelson
  • The Knot-Shop Man, David Whiteland
  • Riddle & Bind, Nick Montfort
  • A Telling of the Tales, William J. Brooke
  • Engines of Ingenuity, Kit Williams
  • The Book of the War, Lawrence Miles
  • Meanwhile, Jason Shiga
  • 3-Dimensional Maze Art, Larry Evans
  • The Hole Maze Book, Greg Bright
  • The Book of Signs, Rudolf Koch
  • The Book of Adventure Games 1 and II, Kim Schuette
  • Reality is Broken, Jane McGonigal

Last year we brought a lot of narrative-theory and game-studies books. This year I wanted the theme to be "playful books", because, after all, these are things that visitors might read for a bit while relaxing in the Suite. So I brought maze books, fairy tales, and CYOA books and parodies. Some of the fairy tales were about narrative theory and mazes, but that's because such things amuse me.

Day 0

Thursday some of us met up for brunch (the Friendly Toast, your home for ridiculously fancified breakfast food). Then, oh yes, Mike and Jmac and I dragged The Inventory over to the hotel and got the room set up. (We also got screwed at this point on the hotel room rate, but we wouldn't realize this until Monday.)

Dinner was at the Tavern in the Square. (Thanks to Mike for getting us a private room where we could carouse all night. In the matter of geeks getting together. Which is to say, drinking heavily and talking about software.)

Day 1

I scrambled to make flyers announcing the IF Suite, and barely got to the convention center in time for my first panel:

How to fund your game development project with Kickstarter -- Cindy Au, Andrew Plotkin, Joshua Newman, Evan Balster, Max Temkin

This wasn't packed, probably because it was early on Friday. I think about two-thirds of the room was filled. (I'm pretty sure that it was the last event at PAX that didn't completely fill up.)

I've blogged about my Kickstarter success before, so my contribution to this panel will not be news to you. I was joined by the creators of three other projects:
  • Infinite Blank, a multi-player, casual, very lightweight world-making videogame (or toy)
  • Cards Against Humanity, a card game in the style of Apples to Apples for cynical people
  • Human Contact, an RPG patterned after the stories of Iain M. Banks, Vernor Vinge, and Ursula K. Le Guin

Cindy Au is the community-manager person at Kickstarter; she set this up. We all talked about our projects and then answered questions. I completely failed to plug the IF events at PAX.

Interactive Drama: Dialogue as Gameplay -- Jonathon Myers, Daniel Erickson, Jeff Orkin, Aaron Reed, Dan Tanguay, Martin Van Velsen

I didn't make it into this panel; I saw the line and decided I wasn't up for waiting.

This was supposed to be a panel discussion between Jonathon Myers, Stephen Dinehart, Evan Skolnick, Emily Short, and John Gonzalez. As I understand it, four of the five panelists bailed. Emily was at PAX but completely hammered by the cold she brought back from GDC. I don't know the other stories.

However, the panel wound up with a fine list of substitutes. Aaron Reed, the author of Blue Lacuna and Creating IF with Inform 7, represented the text-IF side of the universe. Better yet, he didn't fail to plug the IF Suite, using the flyers that I smuggled into the room.

I ran around the expo floor for a little bit, and then it was time for:

Non-gamers gaming -- Caleb Garner, Tim Crosby, Heather Albano, Sarah Morayati, Andrew Plotkin

This was the first of our IF Suite events, and it was packed as expected. Of course packing the IF Suite is not exactly the same as packing a PAX function room, but we were still pretty pleased.

I'm not going to try to recap the discussion -- we'll post video eventually -- but we got around a variety of angles on the topic. My stumper question, or at least the question that made everybody pause and look thoughtful, was: "Are we talking about writing games for non-gamers, or writing games that teach non-gamers to be gamers?"

I got one of the convention center's patented Extremely Boring Sandwiches for dinner. (They must have been patented. Highly trained food chemists must have worked for years to develop a sandwich that boring. However, it was food.) We then gathered for:

Meet the IF community

...which means, we all hang out in the IF Suite. Just like the rest of the weekend, but we wanted to name a time for newcomers who might be hesitant about it.

And people showed up! It was exciting.

MIT Tunnel Tour

This was an impromptu expedition to visit the MIT steam tunnels (or at least the more interesting MIT basements). I didn't go along with this, because I wanted to stay with the room and continue to greet my loyal fans. Or stay with the room, anyway.

Marius Müller took some video: Video 1, 2, 3, 4 (on Youtube).

Day 2

Saturday was our big day, for circumstantial reasons: Dave Cornelson arranged for us to rent a full-sized hotel function room all day. (That's full-sized for a hotel. Still smaller than the monster PAX event rooms.) So we crammed all the events we thought would draw crowds into Saturday.

Oh, you want photos? Start with Mark Musante's PAX photo collection. Marius Müller and Jesse McGrew also took some, but those are on Facebook, so, you know, wear galoshes.

Our first event...

PAX Speed-IF

The topic list, shouted out from the audience: (And apologies to those of you who tried to shout and got overshouted -- it was disorganized in there.)
  • A character whose name starts with the letter "M"
  • Sending Jim and Kevin on a mission to locate something
  • The Tomb of the Unknown Tool
  • A 100 year old typewriter
  • Pluto
  • Braintree or Alewife
  • One of the titles on Juhana's poster of imaginary IF titles
  • Chicken fingers
  • Explosions
  • Vacuum

We had the traditional (two PAXes in a row is tradition, right?) crowd of people intently hacking away outside the IF room all afternoon. Looks like nine entries were turned in that day; you can download them from the Textfyre SpeedIF page.

Setting as character in narrative games -- Andrew Plotkin, Rob Wheeler, Stephen Granade, Dean Tate

The joke here is that I submitted this as an official PAX event. They didn't take it, because Irrational Games had submitted a panel that was essentially "Setting as character in Bioshock Infinite", and that was deemed to have more appeal to the PAX crowd. Fair enough. So we talked about settings in every game except Bioshock Infinite.

(We cheated a little, because while Dean Tate is with Harmonix Studios, he was with Irrational when Bioshock and Bioshock 2 were being designed. So he had some insights from that story-universe.)

This was fun; we basically gabbed about our favorite game settings for an hour. My panel-ending stumper was "What non-game setting would you love to see in a game?" but this turned out to be the kind of stumper where nobody has a great answer. Oh well.

Everybody Dies

We fired up the projector and played Everybody Dies by Jim Munroe. The run-through took about an hour, and then Jim answered a few questions from the audience.

The transcript will be up soon.

A lightning introduction to Inform 7 -- Jason McIntosh, Andrew Plotkin

Unfortunately we didn't get video of this; I was late getting back from dinner and so we didn't get as many laptops set up as we wanted. However, Jason recommends Aaron Reed's I7 screencast; it's the same sort of presentation.

IF Demo Fair

This was the IF event at PAX, and kudos to Emily Short for inventing the idea and making it all happen in just six weeks.

We packed the room with laptops -- and other hardware -- and packed those with sample games. In some cases, with full games. People circulated for two hours, trying everything and discussing it. It was a tremendously exciting place to be. If you found PAX's show floor to be a disappointment, you were missing the ferment of game-design discussion going on next door.

Emily covers a few of the Demo Fair entries on her blog. More detailed discussions will appear in the next issue of SPAG.

The one that I've been thinking about ever since PAX was Juhana Leinonen's Vorple, a Javascript library for animation tricks in an IF interface. This is not as frivolous as you might think. Web-based text can be very polished -- look at the CYOA engine Undum for examples -- and there's no reason IF shouldn't benefit from this.

Vorple showed in-line dynamic images, pop-up help, and smoothly-positioned overlay elements. It's not directly integrated with an IF system yet, but it clearly can be.

My job for the next two weeks is to integrate my old ideas about CSS for Glulx and Vorple's approach to dynamic content, and design a framework that will (a) fit into Quixe, (b) be practical in native (non-Javascript) interpreters, (c) be effective in native interpreters that choose to use HTML display (WebKit or whatever), and (d) be easily usable from Inform 7. Extra fun! But it's the next stage in my VM/API work, and it's time to start it.

Anyhow -- I don't want to make the Demo Fair all about me. There were a pile of other projects and games, including the promised Automatypewriter, so check out Emily's post and future discussion.

Speed-IF wrap-up

Everybody was worn out by the end of the Demo Fair, so we packed up the function room and retired to the IF Suite to look over the absurdly-named creations of the day.

Day 3

Sunday was deliberately light, but we did have time for:

Curveship -- Nick Montfort

Curveship was part of the Demo Fair, but Nick wanted to give a more in-depth presentation for IF cognoscenti. (Sorry about stuffing it into the smaller IF Suite, but it was mildly apropos to see his slides projected onto the unflat surface of an upturned mattress.)

Curveship is an experimental IF system (written in Python) which explores different ways of narrating stories. I keep writing one-line intros in that vein, and it doesn't seem to deconfuse people about what Curveship is. Basically, Curveship has two unusual qualities. First: its world model includes not just facts about the current world state, but a history of past world state, the actions that got from there to here, and (for NPCs) their knowledge of the world -- the subsets of the current and past states that they're actually aware of. Second: its text output system can easily switch point-of-view, tense (past or future), level of detail, and other narrative variables.

The result is not a fully mature IF system. The parser is simplistic, and the generated text is too -- the degree to which you hand-craft the output is somewhat (not completely) at odds with the templating that Curveship uses to vary the text. But the point is to explore these capabilities. Once we know what they're good for, then either Curveship can be improved or the features can be adapted to existing IF systems.

That leaves the question of what the features are good for, and that's an ongoing discussion in the community. I don't have a good handle on an answer. I certainly use point-of-view tricks in crafting IF; I vary descriptions based on the player's knowledge, distance, and state of mind. Do I need these features to be first-level constructs that underlie every object and description? I'm not used to working that way, but maybe if I were I'd be writing different games.

And then we packed up the room and went out to a fancy Mexican place for dinner. Followed by random card games in the hotel lobby until everybody was too tired to think.

Day 4

Brunch at the Friendly Toast again, followed by a quick expedition to the MIT Museum to see Art Ganson's work. Once again, two PAXes makes a tradition.

What have we learned?

We really need a bigger IF Suite next year. Holding a hotel function room for three days straight is certainly a possibility, but we can't serve snacks there, and it's not great for sitting and relaxing. This will be discussed further.

PAX itself was almost completely uninteresting to me this year. I think this is just a phase of the game industry. My first console love is plot-heavy exploration-puzzle-environment games, and they're out of style right now. It's not like I ever went to a PAX and saw lots of big-name games I wanted to buy; it's usually one or two a year. This year it was Child of Eden, I guess. (I'm discounting Portal 2, since there was never a chance I wouldn't buy it.) Smaller games I ogled: Warp, Fez, Blinding Silence.

Not really related to the above, except thematically: I spent the weekend wondering whether PAX was the best place for an annual IF Summit and Hangout. The fact is, we are lost in the crowd; we'll never regain the in-PAX visibility that we had when Get Lamp hit. We've had a solid game-design panel at each of the last three PAXes, and that's good, but it's not necessarily a reason to do all this other stuff at PAX. And indeed, quite a few people in our rooms didn't bother to get PAX badges.

The camelly straw for me was when I went to the PAX info desk and said "Can I put these flyers here?" (For the IF Suite and events.) I did this at PAX East and PAX Prime last year, and they said "Sure." There was a place for independent but related events on the table. This year they said, "Sorry, not permitted." That's for the big sponsors, not for the likes of me.

I feel like I want to be part of a game-design convention, not a game-consumer exposition. Of course I spent last week saying "must attend GDC in 2012", which I will, but that's crazy expensive -- not worthwhile for most IF fans. At the other end of the scale is Boston Gameloop, which I also attend, but which is probably too small to organize around. Where's the full-weekend Boston game-design conference with interesting out-of-town guest speakers and multiple tracks interesting to both indie developers and game studios?

I know, I know, the answer is "run it." Funny story: I went up to a local Boston indie game person -- I won't incriminate by name -- and said "We should run a conference." The individual in question looked at me, nodded wisely, leaned forward, and said "Fuck you."

Comments imported from Gameshelf

Emily Short (Mar 20, 2011 at 3:44 PM):

I feel like I want to be part of a game-design convention, not a game-consumer exposition. Of course I spent last week saying "must attend GDC in 2012", which I will, but that's crazy expensive -- not worthwhile for most IF fans.

Yeah, I had similar thoughts about whether we should shift venues, but wherever we shift to, GDC isn't it: the passes are too expensive; there really would be no appropriate way to advertise our content (and slim chance of drawing attendees away from existing official programming, especially as many pro designers are there on a mandate from their company with specific things to attend); hotels and everything else in the vicinity of Moscone are completely swarmed.

I guess the question is what exactly we're hoping to gain from attaching ourselves to some other conference. Are we hoping to evangelize about IF? Join in design discussions with people working on adjacent fields?

Mary Alexandra Agner (Mar 20, 2011 at 4:23 PM):

I know, I know, the answer is "run it."

I'm good at this kind of thing. Let me know if you want me to help :)

Emily Short (Mar 20, 2011 at 4:44 PM):

As an after-thought, though: it might be possible to get some IF content into the Indie Games Summit. That could be worth doing even if we're not having an IF conference alongside.

Andrew Plotkin (Mar 20, 2011 at 10:28 PM):

Indie Games Summit is a good point. (As a part of the stipulated-as-expensive GDC. I say I'm going to GDC; I don't yet know what parts I'm going to.)

What are we hoping to gain? I personally want to be in design discussions with other game designers, electronic-literature authors, and generally with crazy people. And also go to their project presentations. When I was handwaving about this at PAX itself, the names Jason Rohrer, Jon Blow, Gregory Weir, Jason Shiga came to mind -- I want to be at the kind of conference that they want to be be at. Plus of course all the IF people we've gotten to PAX in the past two years.

I believe (perhaps ambitiously, but seriously) that at such a conference, non-IF people would want to stop by an IF room to socialize, network, and investigate Demo-Fair-like events.

Emily Short (Mar 21, 2011 at 12:44 AM):

Indie Games Summit is a good point. (As a part of the stipulated-as-expensive GDC. I say I'm going to GDC; I don't yet know what parts I'm going to.)

Speaker badges make the conference itself free. (There is still the hotel and flight, of course. But it makes a big difference.)

Anyway, for the kinds of meet-crazy-indies-or-semi-indies experience you describe, it sounds like GDC would be great, and the ideal mix would probably involve hanging out a lot with the IGS people and adding some main-track events like the experimental gameplay workshop (Rohrer presented a recent project there, for instance). And my own experience, at least, has been that the summit content is more consistently valuable and leads to more intensive small-group conversation than the main track. There are interesting talks in the main track, but they happen in much bigger rooms with many more people, and have a higher likelihood of being pitched at beginners to the topic (or being blatant advertisements for the speaker's studio's latest game). If what you want is to end up at drinks or dinner vehemently discussing what you just heard, do summit content.

Jason Scott (Mar 21, 2011 at 10:00 AM):

My strong opinion is that IF would do well to be joining up, in some way, with writers' conferences and fantasy conferences. They are all doing well, and your share some attributes with them. RPGs, card-based entertainment and other games thrive there. I still think you have a place in PAX (not GDC) but I think in the others places you'd flourish.

Val (Mar 21, 2011 at 10:09 AM):

re "My strong opinion is that IF would do well to be joining up, in some way, with writers' conferences and fantasy conferences. " Jason, do you sf cons? Or something else? I'm not really sure what you mean. Although I admit I start fantasizing about @party, Gameloop would be more realistic. Or maybe even a freestanding event. Not as if the Boston area is low on venues.

re "I know, I know, the answer is 'run it.' " A certain thing we are both aware of from this year notwithstanding, I have expertise in this area. We just need to get enough people involved that the usual suspects don't get more overextended. But if it isn't in Boston, I'm unlikely to get involved. I'm getting to the point where I don't travel except to Canada, Europe, or to see my folks. There are three planned aberrations in the next five years, one of which is Blockparty 5. I am fraying around the edges.

re "The individual in question looked at me, nodded wisely, leaned forward, and said 'Fuck you.'" I assume this person's comment translated to "I've got enough on my plate?"

Jacqueline A Lott (Mar 21, 2011 at 11:04 AM):

A few thoughts. I would like to see whatever we do move around a bit and be its own thing.

Hosting whatever it is in a different major city each time might mean less continuity, but if many of the core folks are showing up each time, they'd help take the edge off of that. And what you'd potentially lose in continuity you'd make up for in diversity of thought and new ideas brought in by people who can't always go to Boston or Seattle. Outreach would consequently be farther reaching. I know Boston has a large community, but so does, say, Chicago. And IF is being taught in a variety of places; pairing up with those places (Seton Hill, U of CA) might make for a really great exchange of ideas.

On a related note, if we want to do outreach, let's have people present panels or work at other conventions, but given how many people in attendance didn't even have PAX badgees, it's clear that we were a main draw for many.

I would like to see us get to where we're talking more theory, more design, more craft. I was thinking of whining about this during PAX, but then realized that if our goal is to reach out to new people, greeting them with theory and design discussion might not be the way to go. That said, I think the Lighting Intro and the live CF and Demo Fair were high points of the weekend and all were great for new folks, though some more standard demos would have been good - so much experimental stuff probably gave a skewed impression to people unfamiliar with IF.

On a final note, I'm planning to organize (not alone, mind you, but I plan to get things started for) a European version of this. First step is to see how far-reaching the interest is, then pick a somewhat geographically-central spot for the meetup. Target date is autumn 2012 at this point.

Andrew Plotkin (Mar 21, 2011 at 12:34 PM):

"Speaker badges make the conference itself free."

Good to know (no, I didn't know that yet). However, we're not going to wind up with badges for you and me and Rob and Jacq and Mis and Sarge and Sarah and Nitku and (insert twenty other names who are contributing to the IF side of the world). GDC will be a valuable thing for me, but it's not a venue for the kind of discussion we want to have as a community.

As to everybody else's suggestions: thanks. I am still at the stage of letting ideas bubble, and I don't want to start picking holes in them. (Which is my usual unfortunate impulse, and I apologize if I've said "well, maybe, but..." to any of this in the past.)

Lisa Hertel (Mar 21, 2011 at 12:57 PM):

At one point, Arisia toyed with the idea of running a gaming convention.

Emily Short (Mar 22, 2011 at 1:57 AM):

No, that wasn't at all meant as "let's all get speaker badges." I continue to think GDC is not the right venue for a general IF conference. As a place for you personally to hang out and do things you want to do, however, I recommend summit speaking if you can swing it.

Val Grimm (Mar 22, 2011 at 10:14 AM):

I like what Jacq said. ( : The idea of a roving convention is interesting. When it comes in my direction I'd be happy to help.

Will (Mar 23, 2011 at 7:59 PM):

I'd love to help organize a Philly edition of the roving con (should such a thing come into being).

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